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|Hello World in HTML|
:- use_module(library(http/thread_httpd)). :- use_module(library(http/http_dispatch)). :- use_module(library(http/html_write)). % new :- http_handler(root(hello_world), say_hi, ). server(Port) :- http_server(http_dispatch, [port(Port)]). say_hi(_Request) :- reply_html_page(title('Hello World'), [ h1('Hello World'), p(['This example demonstrates generating HTML ', 'messages from Prolog' ]) ]).
The predicate reply_html_page/2 takes a description of the head and body of the HTML page and passes these to html//1. The argument to html//1 is either a list of terms or a single term. The functor-name of each term is an HTML-_tag_. It takes one or two arguments. If there is one argument, it is the HTML-_content_, again a term or a list of terms. If here are two arguments, the first specifies the HTML-_attributes_ and the second the content. Again, the attributes is a term or a list of terms, but these terms are of the form Attribute(Value) or Attribute=Value, at your choice.
There is one exception to this rule: if an HTML-_tag_ cannot have a content (e.g., <img>), the first argument are the attributes.
Below are a some examples. (1) shows specifying an attribute; (2) shows
that <img> has only one argument that is interpreted as an attributes
(when in doubt, using
img(<attributes>, ) also works); (3) show
lists of terms, (4 and 5) show that & and <> should not be escaped.
1. span(class(product_class), 'Computers'), 2. img([width(32),heigth(32),src('/icons/computer.png')]), 3. table([ tr([ td('cell 1a'), td('cell 1b')]), tr([ td('cell 2a'), td('cell 2b')]) ]), 4. td(class(authors), 'Clocksin & Mellish'), 5. p(['we can also use ', i('A<B'), ' without escaping.'])
Now, you may ask "Where's the beef?" True, this syntax is surely less readable than HTML or XML. This way of producing web-pages is intended for dynamic web-pages. Fully static pages are much better served from files. For mixed files with large static parts and e.g., a dynamic table, PWP is the Prolog-based answer to PHP, ASP, JSP, etc.
One way to deploy the above described library(http/html_write) is to use Prolog data-manipulation to create the Prolog term that describes the body and then pass it to reply_html_page/2. The other is to use the rule definition facilities.
Note that PceEmacs has support for colouring HTML elements: