Modals modal.js

Modals are streamlined, but flexible, dialog prompts with the minimum required functionality and smart defaults.

Multiple open modals not supported

Be sure not to open a modal while another is still visible. Showing more than one modal at a time requires custom code.

Modal markup placement

Always try to place a modal's HTML code in a top-level position in your document to avoid other components affecting the modal's appearance and/or functionality.

Mobile device caveats

There are some caveats regarding using modals on mobile devices. See our browser support docs for details.

Due to how HTML5 defines its semantics, the autofocus HTML attribute has no effect in Bootstrap modals. To achieve the same effect, use some custom JavaScript:

{% highlight js %} $('#myModal').on('', function () { $('#myInput').focus() }) {% endhighlight %}


Static example

A rendered modal with header, body, and set of actions in the footer.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Live demo

Toggle a modal via JavaScript by clicking the button below. It will slide down and fade in from the top of the page.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Make modals accessible

Be sure to add role="dialog" and aria-labelledby="...", referencing the modal title, to .modal, and role="document" to the .modal-dialog itself.

Additionally, you may give a description of your modal dialog with aria-describedby on .modal.

Embedding YouTube videos

Embedding YouTube videos in modals requires additional JavaScript not in Bootstrap to automatically stop playback and more. See this helpful Stack Overflow post for more information.

Optional sizes

Modals have two optional sizes, available via modifier classes to be placed on a .modal-dialog.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Remove animation

For modals that simply appear rather than fade in to view, remove the .fade class from your modal markup.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Using the grid system

To take advantage of the Bootstrap grid system within a modal, just nest .rows within the .modal-body and then use the normal grid system classes.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Have a bunch of buttons that all trigger the same modal, just with slightly different contents? Use event.relatedTarget and HTML data-* attributes (possibly via jQuery) to vary the contents of the modal depending on which button was clicked. See the Modal Events docs for details on relatedTarget,

...more buttons...
{% highlight html %} ...more buttons... {% endhighlight %} {% highlight js %} $('#exampleModal').on('', function (event) { var button = $(event.relatedTarget) // Button that triggered the modal var recipient ='whatever') // Extract info from data-* attributes // If necessary, you could initiate an AJAX request here (and then do the updating in a callback). // Update the modal's content. We'll use jQuery here, but you could use a data binding library or other methods instead. var modal = $(this) modal.find('.modal-title').text('New message to ' + recipient) modal.find('.modal-body input').val(recipient) }) {% endhighlight %}


The modal plugin toggles your hidden content on demand, via data attributes or JavaScript. It also adds .modal-open to the <body> to override default scrolling behavior and generates a .modal-backdrop to provide a click area for dismissing shown modals when clicking outside the modal.

Via data attributes

Activate a modal without writing JavaScript. Set data-toggle="modal" on a controller element, like a button, along with a data-target="#foo" or href="#foo" to target a specific modal to toggle.

{% highlight html %} {% endhighlight %}

Via JavaScript

Call a modal with id myModal with a single line of JavaScript:

{% highlight js %}$('#myModal').modal(options){% endhighlight %}


Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. For data attributes, append the option name to data-, as in data-backdrop="".

Name type default description
backdrop boolean or the string 'static' true Includes a modal-backdrop element. Alternatively, specify static for a backdrop which doesn't close the modal on click.
keyboard boolean true Closes the modal when escape key is pressed
show boolean true Shows the modal when initialized.
remote path false

This option is deprecated since v3.3.0 and has been removed in v4. We recommend instead using client-side templating or a data binding framework, or calling jQuery.load yourself.

If a remote URL is provided, content will be loaded one time via jQuery's load method and injected into the .modal-content div. If you're using the data-api, you may alternatively use the href attribute to specify the remote source. An example of this is shown below:

{% highlight html %} Click me {% endhighlight %}



Activates your content as a modal. Accepts an optional options object.

{% highlight js %} $('#myModal').modal({ keyboard: false }) {% endhighlight %}


Manually toggles a modal. Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been shown or hidden (i.e. before the or event occurs).

{% highlight js %}$('#myModal').modal('toggle'){% endhighlight %}


Manually opens a modal. Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been shown (i.e. before the event occurs).

{% highlight js %}$('#myModal').modal('show'){% endhighlight %}


Manually hides a modal. Returns to the caller before the modal has actually been hidden (i.e. before the event occurs).

{% highlight js %}$('#myModal').modal('hide'){% endhighlight %}


Readjusts the modal's positioning to counter a scrollbar in case one should appear, which would make the modal jump to the left.

Only needed when the height of the modal changes while it is open.

{% highlight js %}$('#myModal').modal('handleUpdate'){% endhighlight %}


Bootstrap's modal class exposes a few events for hooking into modal functionality.

All modal events are fired at the modal itself (i.e. at the <div class="modal">).

Event Type Description This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called. If caused by a click, the clicked element is available as the relatedTarget property of the event. This event is fired when the modal has been made visible to the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete). If caused by a click, the clicked element is available as the relatedTarget property of the event. This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called. This event is fired when the modal has finished being hidden from the user (will wait for CSS transitions to complete). This event is fired when the modal has loaded content using the remote option.
{% highlight js %} $('#myModal').on('', function (e) { // do something... }) {% endhighlight %}