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prolog_versions.pl -- Demand specific (Prolog) versions
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This library is provided to make it easier to reason about software versions, in particular require that that hosting Prolog system is of the right version and provides the features required by the library or application.

To be done
- Not only provide a minimal version but a more version ranges, exclude certain versions, etc.
- More features and better messages to help the user resolving problems.
Source require_prolog_version(+Required, +Features:list) is det
Claim that the running Prolog version is at least version Required and provides the requested Features. Required is an expression of versions. At the lowest level, a version is an atom or string that provides the version as

Example strings are '8.5', '8.5.0', '8.5.0-50', '8.5.0-69-gad38e8ad8`. The last two require fetching the sources from git or using the Windows daily builds.

Versions may be embedded in a comparison operator (<, =<, =, >= or >), e.g., =<('9.1'). Versions are considered to compare equal only on the components of the Required version. I.e., '9.1' compares equal to '9.1.2'.

Version expressions can be constructed from the Prolog operators ','/2, ';'/2 and '\+'/1. An example of a complicated expression is below, which demands major version 9, but considers 9.1.2 not suitable.

(>=('9'), \+(=('9.1.2')))

Features is a list of required or preferred features. Individual features are:

Only print a warning instead of throwing an error.
Demand library(Lib) to be present. Thde library not being there may indicate an incomplete installation. For example library(pce) to demand xpce graphics support.
Demand current_prolog_flag(Flag, true) to be true.
If FlagValue is Flag(Value), demand current_prolog_flag(Flag, Value) to be true.
- version_error('SWI-Prolog', PrologVersion, Cmp, Required)
- existence_error(prolog_feature, Feature)
Source require_version(+Component, +Available, +CmpRequired) is det
Require Component to have version CmpRequired, while Component is know to have version Available.
- version_error(Component, Required, Cmp, Available)
Source cmp_versions(?Cmp, +V1, +V2) is semidet
Compare to versions. Cmp is one of <, =<, =, >= or >. If Cmp is unbound we check whether < or > hold or else bind Cmp to =.

When comparing for equality (=), the versions are considered equal if they compare equal up to the detail level of the least specified. E.g, '9.1.2' is considered equal to '9.1'.