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|Interaction with the garbage collector and stack-shifter
Prolog implements two mechanisms for avoiding stack overflow: garbage
collection and stack expansion. On machines that allow for it, Prolog
will use virtual memory management to detect stack overflow and expand
the runtime stacks. On other machines Prolog will reallocate the stacks
and update all pointers to them. To do so, Prolog needs to know which
data is referenced by C code. As all Prolog data known by C is
referenced through term references (
term_t), Prolog has all
the information necessary to perform its memory management without
special precautions from the C programmer.